Jesus Turns Water to Wine

John 2:11 — “This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee and manifested His glory; and His disciples believed in Him.”

Scripture is from the Holy Bible — New King James Version (NKJV)

Notes on Scripture (below) by tkbrown


Lesson Scripture — John 2:1-25

  • 1 — “On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.”
  • 2 — “Now both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding.”
  • 3 — “And they ran out of wine, the mother of Jesus said to Him, ‘They have no wine.'”
  • 4 — “Jesus said to her, ‘Woman, what does your concern have to do with Me? My hour has not yet come.'”
  • 5 — “His mother said to the servants, ‘Whatever He says to you, do it.'”
  • 6 — “Now there were set there six water pots of stone, according to the manner of purification of the Jews, containing twenty or thirty gallons apiece.”
  • 7 — “Jesus said to them, ‘Fill the water pots with water.’ And they filled them up to the brim.”
  • 8 — “And He said to them, ‘Draw some out now, and take it to the master of the feast.’ And they took it.”
  • 9 — “When the master of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and did not know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom;”
  • 10 — “And he said to him, ‘Every man at the beginning sets out the good wine, and when the guests have well drunk, then the inferior. You have kept the good wine until now!'”
  • 11 — “This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee and manifested His glory; and His disciples believed in Him.”
  • 12 — “After this He went down to Capernaum, He, His mother, His brothers, and His disciples; and they did not stay there many days.”
  • 13 — “Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.”
  • 14 — “And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers doing business.”
  • 15 — “When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers’ money and overturned the tables.”
  • 16 — “And He said to those who sold doves, ‘Take these things away! Do not make My Father’s house a house of merchandise!'”
  • 17 — “Then His disciples remembered that it was written, ‘Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.'”
  • 18 — “So the Jews answered and said to Him, ‘What sign do You show to us, since You do these things?'”
  • 19 — “Jesus answered and said to them, ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.'”
  • 20 — “Then the Jews said, ‘It has taken forty-six years to build the temple, and will You raise it up in three days?'”
  • 21 — “But He was speaking of the temple of His body.”
  • 22 — “Therefore, when He had risen from the dead, ‘His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said.”
  • 23 — “Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did.”
  • 24 — “But Jesus did not commit Himself to them, because He knew all men,”
  • 25 — “and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man.”


Old Testament Prophecy Related to John 2:1-25

v 42 Samuel 16:10 — “But the king said, ‘What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah? So, let him curse, because the Lord has said to him, ‘Curse David.’ Who then shall say, ‘Why have you done so?'”

v13Deuteronomy 16:1-6

  • 1 — “‘Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover to the Lord your God, for in the month of Abib the Lord your God brought you out of Egypt by night.'”
  • 2 — “‘Therefore you shall sacrifice the Passover to the Lord your God, from the flock and the herd, in the place where the Lord chooses to put His name.'”
  • 3 — “‘You shall eat no leavened bread with it; seven days you shall eat unleavened bread with it, that is, the bread of affliction (for you came out of the land of Egypt in haste), that you may remember the day in which you came out of the land of Egypt all the days of your life.'”
  • 4 — “‘And no leaven shall be seen among you in all your territory for seven days, nor shall any of the meat which you sacrifice the first day at twilight remain overnight until morning.'”
  • 5 — “‘You may not sacrifice the Passover within any of your gates which the Lord your God gives you;'”
  • 6 — “‘but at the place where the Lord your God chooses to make His name abide, there you shall sacrifice the Passover at twilight, at the going down of the sun, at the time you came out of Egypt.'”

v14Malachi 3:1 — “‘Behold, I send My messenger, and he will prepare the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple. Even the Messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight. Behold, He is coming,’ says the Lord of hosts.'”

v17Psalms 69:9 — “Because zeal for Your house has eaten me up, and the reproaches of those who reproach You have fallen on me.”


New Testament Scripture Related to John 2:1-25

v 1Hebrews 13:4 — “Marriage is honorable among all, and the bed undefiled, but fornicators and adulterers God will judge.”

v 1John 4:46 — “So Jesus came again to Cana of Galilee where He had made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman whose son was sick at Capernaum.”

v 1 John 19:25 — “Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.”

v 4 John 19:26 — “When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, ‘Woman, behold your son!'”

v 4John 7:6 — “Then Jesus said to them, ‘My time has not yet come, but your time is always ready.'”

v 4 John 7:8 — “‘You go up to this feast, I am not yet going up to this feast, for My time has not yet fully come.'”

v 4John 7:30 — “Therefore they sought to take Him; but no one laid a hand on Him, because His hour had not yet come.”

v 4John 8:20 — “These words Jesus spoke in the treasury, as He taught in the temple; and no one laid his hands on Him, for His hour had not yet come.”

v 6Mark 7:3 — “For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash their hands in a special way, holding the tradition of the elders.”

v 9John 4:46 — “So Jesus came again to Cana of Galilee where He had made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman whose son was sick at Capernaum.”

v11John 4:54 — “This again is the second sight Jesus did when he had come out of Judea unto Galilee.”

v11John 1:14 — “And the Word became flesh and dwealt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.”

v12Matthew 4:13-16

  • 13 — “And leaving Nazareth, He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali,”
  • 14 — “that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying;”
  • 15 — “‘The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, by the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles;'”
  • 16 — “‘the people who sat in darkness have seen a great light, and upon those who sat in the region and shadow of death Light has dawned.'”

v12Matthew 12:46 — “While He was still talking to the multitudes, behold, His mother and brothers stood outside, seeking to speak with Him.”

v12Matthew 13:55 — “Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary? And His brothers James, Joses, Simon, and Judas?”

v14Mark 11:15-18

  • 15 — “So they came to Jerusalem. Then Jesus went into the temple and began to drive out those who bought and sold in the temple and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves.”
  • 16 — “And He would not allow anyone to carry wares through the temple.”
  • 17 — “Then He taught, saying to them, ‘Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations? But you have made it a den of thieves.'”
  • 18 — “And the scribes and chief priests heard it and sought how they might destroy Him; for they feared Him, because all the people were astonished at His teaching.”

v16Luke 2:49 — “And He said to them, ‘Why did you seek Me? Did you not know that I must be about My Father’s business?'”

v18Matthew 12:38 — “Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered, saying, ‘Teacher, we want to see a sight from You.'”

v19Matthew 26:59-61

  • 59 — “Now the chief priests, the elders, and all the council sought false testimony against Jesus to put Him to death,”
  • 60 — “but found none. Even though many false witnesses came forward, they found none. But at last two false witnesses came forward”
  • 61 — “and said, ‘This fellow said, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God and to build it in three days.'”

v19Matthew 27:39, 40

  • 39 — “And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads”
  • 40 — “and saying, ‘You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.”

v21I Corinthians 3:16 — “Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?”

v21I Corinthians 6:19 — “Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own?”

v22Luke 24:6-8

  • 6 — “‘He is not here but is risen! Remember how He spoke to you when He was still in Galilee,'”
  • 7 — “‘saying, ‘The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.'”
  • 8 — “And they remembered His words.”

v23Acts 2:22-24

  • 22 — “‘Men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know–‘”
  • 23 — “‘Him being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death;'”
  • 24 — “‘whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it.'”

v24Revelations 2:23 — “‘I will kill her children with death, and all the churches shall know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts. And I will give to each one of you according to your works.'”

v25Matthew 9:4 — “But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, ‘Why do you think evil in your hearts?'”


Notes on Scripture: by tkbrown

This lesson is found in the second chapter of the Gospel of John. This is a much more thorough account than seen in the other Gospels. So, I have chosen to center the lesson around this text and reveal the correlations to other scriptures in the Gospels. It is the first sign of Jesus power which would be revealed in a multitude of ways throughout His ministry here on earth.

It is interesting that Jesus’ mother, Mary, was the one who initiated His turning the water to wine at the wedding in Cana–the activation of God’s power being revealed through signs performed by Jesus. Although it was done quietly, His mother, His brothers, and His disciples were witnesses–along with the servants whom He directed. Thus, God’s power as a part of His ministry is revealed, and His disciples along with His family, believed He was–and is–the Son of God.

John, Chapter 2, verse 11 says: “This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee and manifested His glory; and His disciples believed in Him.”

After departing Cana, Jesus, His family, and His disciples went to Capernaum where they stayed a few days then went to Jerusalem because the Passover of the Jews would be soon. Upon arrival, Jesus found the temple being used as a marketplace. Merchants and moneychangers were set-up with their wares. Jesus abhorred the sight of such activities in His Father’s house. He took cords and created whips with which He drove them from the temple, pouring the money out and overturning the tables. Apparently, His disciples were taken by surprise; but–finally–they remembered the scripture where it was written, “Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.” This would not be the only time this occurred; deprecation of the temple was not tolerated by Jesus.

It might be some consolation to know, even God and Jesus are angered from time to time. Psalms 30, verses four and five say:

  • 4 — “Sing praise to the Lord, you saints of His, and give thanks at the remembrance of His holy name.”
  • 5 — “For His anger is but for a moment, His favor is for life; weeping may endure for a night, but joy comes in the morning.”

In Ephesians 4:26, the apostle Paul quoted Psalms 4:4 when he said:

“‘Be angry and do not sin‘ do not let the sun go down on your wrath.”

Ephesians 4:26

“Be angry, and do not sin. Meditate within your heart on your bed and be still.”

Psalms 4:4

“Cease from anger and forsake wrath; do not fret–it only causes harm.”

Psalms 37:8

So, though Jesus was apparently angered by the activities being wrought about in the temple of the Lord, He addressed the problem and moved on to teaching those who were there. He did not dwell on His anger.

When those who were there asked Him to show a sign since He had addressed the marketplace in the temple in such a manner, He responded they would “destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” They thought He was referring to the temple building, but He was not. His reference was to the destruction of His body (the Lord’s temple) which would be crucified on the cross, and He would raise it from the dead three days hence. They did not understand what He said.

Jesus’ time in Jerusalem was well-received by the people during the feast of the Passover; “many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did,” John 2:23.


  • Lesson One: Zacharias to Have Son
  • Lesson Two: Jesus Birth Foretold
  • Lesson Three: Zacharias’ Son, John, is Born
  • Lesson Four: Jesus is Born
  • Lesson Five: And Jesus Grew . . .
  • Lesson Six: John Begins His Ministry
  • Lesson Seven: Jesus is Introduced to the World
  • Lesson Eight: Jesus’ Ancestral Lineage
  • Lesson Nine: Jesus is Tempted by Satan
  • Lesson Ten: Jesus Begins His Ministry (Part 1)
  • Lesson Eleven: Jesus Begins His Ministry (Part 2) — Sermon on the Mount (Part 1)
  • Lesson Twelve: Jesus Begins His Ministry (Part 3) — Sermon on the Mount (Part 2)
  • Lesson Thirteen: Jesus Begins His Ministry (Part 4) — Sermon on the Mount (Part 3)
  • Lesson Fourteen: Jesus Begins His Ministry (Part 5) — Sermon on the Mount (Part 4 — Conclusion)
  • Lesson Fifteen: Jesus Turns Water to Wine — The Wedding at Cana


Photo Above: by Hans @